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改革教育评价为教育把好舵

2020年07月31日 08:37:20
来源:快乐赛车游戏_快乐赛车下载_【官网首页】

  jiaoyupingjiajuyouzhongyaodedaoxiangzuoyong,shiguanjiaoyufazhanfangxiang,shijiaoyugaigedeguanjianhuanjie。zhongyangquanmianshenhuagaigeweiyuanhuidishisicihuiyishenyitongguode《shenhuaxinshidaijiaoyupingjiagaigezongtifangan》(yixiajiancheng《zongtifangan》),shixinshidaibanhaorenminmanyijiaoyudeyigezhongyaofangan,shiduiquanguojiaoyudahuijingshendejinyibushenghua,weishulikexuedejiaoyupingjiazhiminglefangxiang,yiyizhongda。

  教育评价要紧紧围绕立德树人这一根本任务

  lideshurenshijiaoyugongzuodegenbenrenwu,yeshijiaoyuxiandaihuadefangxiangmubiao,tixianyixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangduikuailesaicheyouxiguojiaoyushiyeguilvxingrenshideshenhua。yongkexuedejiaoyupingjiadaoxiangyinlingjiaoyufazhan,jiushiyaoweiraolideshuren,cong“peiyangdezhitimeilaoquanmianfazhandeshehuizhuyikuailesaicheyouxizhehejiebanren”zheiyigenbenrenwuchufa,shijiaoyupingjiagengjiaguanzhujiaoyuduixiangdeshenxinfazhan、pindefazhan、xueyefazhan,kexuekaizhanguochengxing、zonghexing、duoyuanxingdepingjia,qieshiniuzhuandanchunyikaoshifenshuchengjihengliangxueshengfazhan、yishengxuelvpingjiajiaoyuzhiliangdeqingxiang。ciqian,jiaoyuxitongyijingkaishitansuobufenjiaoyupingjiagaigeyushiyan,rukaoshizhaoshengzhidugaige、zhongxiaoxueshengzonghesuzhipingjiadeng。2018nianzhaokaidequanguojiaoyudahuimingquetichu,yaoshenhuajiaoyutizhigaige,jianjuekefuweifenshu、weishengxue、weiwenping、weilunwen、weimaozidewanzhangguji,conggenbenshangjiejuejiaoyupingjiazhihuibangwenti。jinliangnian,jiaoyubulianheqitabuweichutaiyixiliexiangguanwenjian,kaizhanleqinglibukexuejiaoyupingjiadaoxiangdezhuanxiangxingdong,zaiyidingchengdushangezhile“wuwei”qingxiang。youpowuli,zhipobuli,bujianlixiangyingdekexuedepingjiatizhihejizhi,biranchuxian“pingjiazhenkong”。zhiyoupolijiehe,cainengchongfenfahuijiaoyupingjiazuoweizhihuibangdejijizuoyong,weilideshurenchuangzaolianghaohuanjinghefenwei,weishenhuajiaoyutizhigaigetigongzhidubaozhang。《zongtifangan》detongguo,duiyushenhuajiaoyutizhigaige、jianlikexuede、fuheshidaiyaoqiudejiaoyupingjiazhiduhejizhijuyoulichengbeishiyiyi。

  教育评价需要总体谋划和系统设计

  jiaoyushejixuexiao、jiaoshi、xueshengdengfangfangmianmian,shixianghuzhiyue、jinmilianxideyoujizhengti,jiaoyupingjiayexuyaojinxingdingcengsheji、zongtixiediao、tongchoutuijin,cainengconggenbenshangjiejue“wuwei”wenti。《zongtifangan》tichu,congjiaoyuguilvherencaichengzhangguilvchufa,fencengfenleiyanjiutichugaigedesilujucuo,jianlikexuede、fuheshidaiyaoqiudejiaoyupingjiazhiduhejizhi,zhichulejiaoyupingjiagaigededaluoji,congzongtishangduijiaoyulingyupingjiagaigejinxinglexitongsheji,shiconggenbenshangmouhuajiaoyupingjiagaigedeganglingxingwenjian,tongguoyindao、diaozheng、youhuade“zhihuibang”gongneng,yongkexuedejiaoyupingjiazhihui、yindao、guifanzhongguojiaoyudegaigeyufazhan。jiaoyupingjiaxuyaogaigezhengjikaohezhihuibang,yindaogejidangweihezhengfuxingchengkexuedejiaoyuzhengjiguan,youhuajiaoyushengtai,conggenbenshangjianliqiquebaojiaoyuyouxianfazhan、luoshilideshurengenbenrenwudeyouxiaojizhi。gaigexuexiaopingjiazhihuibang,yindaoxuexiaoxingchengjianchishehuizhuyibanxuefangxiang、cujinxueshengquanmianfazhande“haoxuexiao”pingjiaguan。gaigejiaoshipingjiazhihuibang,yindaoxuexiaojianlijianchishidelunli、qianxinjiaoshuyuren、zhuliquantixueshengyouqihoujinxueshengquanmianfazhande“haojiaoshi”pingjiaguan。gaigexueshengpingjia,jianjuebingqi“kaokaokao,xuexiaodefabao;fenfenfen,xueshengdeminggen”depingjiafangshi,yindaoxueshenghejiazhangxingchengdezhitimeilaoquanmianfazhandexueshengzonghesuzhipingjiaguan。

  教育评价改革要重落实和推进

  《zongtifangan》mingquetichu,gaijinjieguopingjia,qianghuaguochengpingjia,tansuozengzhipingjia,jianquanzonghepingjia,tichulejiaoyupingjiagaigedefangshihezhuyaorenwu,zhuazhulejiaoyupingjiagaigedehexinwenti,tigonglejutimubiaohexingdonglujing。gaijinjieguopingjia,pochudeshidanchunweifenshu、weishengxue、weiwenping、weilunwen、weimaozideng“yingxingzhibiao”dejiandanzuofa,erfeiwanquanbingqi“wu”leiyingxingzhibiao,yingjianchidingliangyudingxingxiangjiehe,wajueyingxingzhibiaozhiwaide“ruanzhibiao”,congyiyuandaoduoyuan。qianghuaguochengpingjia,yingcong“yikaodingzhongshen”dezhongjiexingpingjiazhuanxiangzhongshijiaoyujiaoxueguochengdexingchengxingpingjia;chongfenfahuiguochengpingjiadezhenduangongneng,jishiduijiaoyujiaoxueheguanliguochengjinxingzhenduanfankui,jishiduijiaoyumubiaojinxingdiaozheng,jishiduijiaoyujuecetigongcankao,zuizhongweijiaoyujixueshengfazhanbaojiahuhang。tansuozengzhipingjia,gaibianzhongzhongdianqingqidianqingguocheng、zhongxuanbaqingpeiyangdeqingxiang;youxianguanzhujiaoyuguochenghexueshengfazhan,zheyanyuxuesheng、jiaoshi、xuexiaohediqudejiaoyujinbufuduhenulichengdu,zaicijichushangduijiaoshijiaoxue、xuexiaoguanli、zhengfuzhiliyouzhenduixingditichufankui,quanmiantishengjiaoyugongpinghezhiliang。jianquanzonghepingjia,zhongzaiduoyuan,jipingjianeirongshang,quanfangweikaochakaoshichengji、zonghekaohejieguoyijizonghesuzhipingding;pingjiafangfashang,yingyijiaoyupingjialilunhejishuchuangxinweizhongdian,cujinjiaoyupingjiafangshiduoyanghua;pingjiazhutishang,jianchizhengfu、xuexiao、jiaoshi、tongxing、disanfangduofangcanyu,tansuojianlizhengfuyuanpinggu、xuexiaoziping、dulidisanfangzhixingpingjia、guojicanyuheminzhongjiandudeduoyuanhuajiaoyupingjiatixi。

  jiaoyushiguozhidaji,yaoconggenbenshangjiejuejiaoyupingjiazhihuibangwenti,jiaoyupingjiajiuyaohuiguijiaoyudebenzhi、huiguijiaoyudeguilv、huiguijiaoyudechuxin,yifangmianxuyaogejijiaoyuzhuguanbumenzuohaoguancheluoshi,jiehebendiqingkuangzhidingqieshikexingdecuoshi。lingyifangmian,haixuyaoquanshehuigongtongnuli,gengxinjiaoyuguanherencaiguan,zunzhongjiaoyuguilvherencaichengzhangguilv,batigaorendezonghesuzhi、cujinrendequanmianfazhanzuoweihengliangjiaoyudeweiyibiaozhun。zhiyoushangxiatongxin、shehuiheli,cainengconggenbenshangshixiangaigemubiao。

标签 - 教育评价,评价观,评价导向,教育决策,教育公平
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